Energy Perspective of Climate Change: The Case of Bangladesh

  • B.K. Bala
  • M.S. Alam
  • Nipa Denath
Keywords: Energy systems, computer modeling, energy scenario, environmental effects, electric power, renewable energy, energy security, Bangladesh

Abstract

Previous efforts on modeling energy, the environment, and climate change perspectives are critically examined, and the structure of energy and an environment system model is described. Focus is on sustainable development using Bangladesh as an illustrative example. The model projects energy supply and demand and its contribution to global warming. Simulated results show that the demand for electric energy is increasing, and there is a shortage of electric power. Electricity generation capacity can increase by either transition to nuclear or renewable energy resources or both. However, generation capacity needs to be increased for sustainable development, with gradual transition to renewable energy resources. Mini-grids are advocated for supply of energy, information and communication for rural development and economic growth in isolated areas such as islands. Bangladesh is responsible for a small fraction of the total anthropogenic contribution of CO2 but could be seriously affected by climatic change. Energy security aspects are also addressed. Regional economic cooperation and sustainable peaceful resolution of long-standing disputes may help the regional entities to enhance their individual and collective energy security.

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Author Biographies

B.K. Bala

B.K. Bala has a PhD from the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, and was a professor at Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh. Professor Bala is at the Institute of Agricultural and Food Policy Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM, Serdang, Malaysia. An author of seven books, of which one is on energy and environment and another is on solar drying, his broad areas of research are energy and environment, renewable energy, solar drying of agricultural products, climate change and food security. He can be reached at the Institute of Agricultural and Food Policy Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM, Serdang, Malaysia. e-mail: bkbalabau@yahoo.com

M.S. Alam

M.S. Alam has a PhD from Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka, Bangladesh, and is a professor at Daffodil International University, Dhaka, Bangladesh. His broad areas of research are energy and environment and renewable energy. He can be reached at the Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Daffodil International University, Dhaka, 1207, Bangladesh. e-mail address is dean.scgu@yahoo.com.

Nipa Denath

Nipa Denath has an MS degree from Jahangir Nagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh, and is a lecturer at Khulna University of Engineering and Technology, Khulna, Bangladesh. His broad areas of research are solar energy and renewable energy. He can be reached at the Department of Physics, Khulna University of Engineering and Technology, Khulna, Bangladesh. e-mail address is maximonanipa@yahoo.com.

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