Models for Driving Energy Efficiency Nationally Using Energy Management

  • Graziella Siciliano
  • Pamela de los Reyes
  • Caroline Kramer
  • Thomas Björkman
  • Maja Dahlgren
  • Fuyuhiko Noda
  • Junko Ogawa
  • Yukari Yamashita
Keywords: Energy Efficiency, Energy Management


Energy management is a proven strategy for achieving clear energy, environmental, and economic benefits across industry—yet diverse barriers, risks, and challenges continue to limit broad adoption around the globe. An energy management system (EMS) integrates energy management into existing business systems, enabling organizations to better manage their energy, sustain achieved savings, and continuously improve energy performance. Governments are implementing various approaches to accelerate industry uptake of these systems, such as promoting compliance with the ISO 50001 energy management standard. This article explores three approaches in use: mandated programs (Japan), incentive programs (Sweden), and market-based certification programs (United States).

The authors examine each of these three approaches by taking an in-depth look at one real-world example. For each example, the article identifies the specific program requirements, the larger context for the policy and role of government, existing drivers for corporate participation, key challenges and resources, and the available results (i.e., energy and cost savings and other benefits). Comparisons among these current, government-led models for accelerating the uptake of EMS should provide insight into the effectiveness and benefits of different government approaches and their supporting policies and resources. Governments can learn from the challenges faced, solutions devised, and lessons learned by others during implementation of these programs.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Graziella Siciliano

Graziella F. Siciliano, Fellow, Office of International Affairs—International Climate Change Policy and Technology, U.S. Department of Energy. Ms. Graziella Siciliano is an Oak Ridge Institute of Science Education Fellow at the U.S. Department of Energy where she serves as a coordinator for the Global Superior Performance Partnership (GSEP) initiative and the Procurement Working Group of the Super Efficient Appliance Deployment (SEAD) initiatives, which are both part of the Clean Energy Ministerial. GSEP’s Energy Management Working Group works to cut global energy use by encouraging industrial facilities and commercial buildings to pursue continual improvement in energy efficiency through energy management. Working with government experts from member countries, Ms. Siciliano builds collaboration on strategies to accelerate implementation of energy management systems.

Before joining the U.S. Department of Energy, Ms. Siciliano worked for 3 years as a program manager at the Alliance to Save Energy, a non-profit organization based in Washington, DC. Her programs focused on building capacity of U.S. utilities to implement demandside management programs and on increasing U.S public procurement of energy efficient appliance and equipment. Ms. Siciliano earned a B.A. in political science from Butler University (2002) and an M.A. in energy and environmental policy and economics from the Johns Hopkins University —School of Advanced International Studies (2009). Contact: Graziella.Siciliano@Hq.Doe.Gov


EIA (Energy Information Administration). 2013. International Energy Outlook

, DOE/EIA-0484(2013). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Energy. http:// pdf.

IEA (International Energy Agency) and IIP (Institute for Industrial Productivity).

Energy Management Programmes for Industry: Gaining through saving.

Paris, France: IEA Publications.


Duarte, C., Acker, B., Grosshans, R., Manic, M., Van Den Wymelenberg, K., and

C. Rieger. 2011. “Prioritizing and Visualizing Energy Management and Control

System Data to Provide Actionable Information for Building Operators.” Paper

presented at the Western Energy Policy Research Conference, Boise, ID, U.S.: August

–26. DuarteAckerKevin_


McKane, A., Desai, D., Matteini, M., Meffert, W., Williams, R., and R. Risser. 2009.

Thinking Globally: How ISO 50001 – Energy Management can make industrial

energy efficiency standard practice. Berkeley, CA: Lawrence Berkeley National

Laboratory. http://industrial- energy/active/0/rpt78616.pdf.

METI (Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, Japan). 2011. “Energy Conservation

Policies of Japan.”


Komai, K. 2012. “Qualified Energy Manager according to Energy Conservation

Law, Japan.” Presentation to the Global Superior Energy Performance Energy

Management Working Group Qualified Workshop Task Force, December 6.

Nishiyama, H. 2013. “Japan’s Policy on Energy Conservation.” Presentation at

EMAK (Energy Management Action networK) 4th Workshop, Tokyo, Japan, January

Noda, F. 2013. “The Networks for Energy Management Activity around the

World.” IEEJ Energy Journal 8(2): 39–51.

GWPH (Global Warming Prevention Headquarters, Japan). 2013. “Progress Review

of Kyoto Protocol Target Achievement Plan.” Prime Minister of Japan and

His Cabinet (in Japanese).

Kimura, O., and Noda, F. 2014. “Does regulation on energy management system

(EMS) work? – A case study of the Energy Conservation Law in Japan.” Forthcoming

paper to be presented in the eceee 2014 Industrial Summer Study on Energy

Efficiency, Arnhem, the Netherlands, June 2–5.

IEEJ (The Institute Energy Economics, Japan). 2010. “Survey on Actual Situation

of Energy Management Policy in Japan.” International energy usage ratification,

etc. countermeasure work FY2009, Energy management policy joint study project,

Energy management policy evaluation study (in Japanese).

METI (Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, Japan). 2009. “On energy saving

and the development of ‘energy management industry.’” Report by the Workshop

on energy saving and the development of “energy management industry” (in Japanese).

Ogawa, J., Noda, F., and Yamashita, Y. 2010. “Japan’s Energy Management Policy

Experiences and Their Implications for Developing Countries.” IEEJ Energy Journal

(3): 5–46.

European Union Council Directive 2003/96/EC of 27 October 2003 restructuring

the Community framework for the taxation of energy products and electricity.

Swedish Directive on the program for energy efficiency (STEMFS 2004: 7), 2004.

The Swedish Programme for Improving Energy Efficiency Act (2004: 1196).

SEA (Swedish Energy Agency). 2010. Energy Management Systems—a tool for the

continuous improvement of energy performance.

Stenqvist C. and L.J. Nilsson. 2010. Energy efficiency in energy-intensive industries

- an evaluation of the Swedish voluntary agreement PFE. Manuscript submitted

for publication/pending.

Thollander, P. and M. Ottosson. 2009. “Exploring energy management in the Swedish

pulp and paper industry” Paper presented at the eceee 2009 Summer Study, La

Colle sur Loup, France, June 1-6.

Thollander, P., Danestig, M., and P. Rohdin. 2007. “Energy policies for increased

industrial energy efficiency: Evaluation of a local energy programme for manufacturing

SMEs.” Energy Policy 35(11): 5774–5783.

Petersson K., Moberg, J., T. Björkman. 2011. “A Swedish Success Story: How to

get astonishing results in energy efficiency due to implementation of a long-term

agreement with energy intensive industry.” Paper presented at the eceee 2011 Summer

Study, Belambra Presqu’île de Giens, France, June 6–11.

Scheihing, P., Almaguer, J.A., de los Reyes, P., and T. Fisher. 2011. Superior Energy

Performancecm: A Roadmap for Continual Improvement in Energy Efficiency. Paper presented at the 34th World Energy Engineering Conference, Chicago, IL, U.S.:

October 12–14.

U.S. DOE (United States Department of Energy). 2014. “Superior Energy Performance

™.” U.S. Department of Energy. Accessed January 24, 2014. http://www.

Therkelsen, P., Sabouni, R., McKane, A., and P. Scheihing. 2013. Assessing the Costs

and Benefits of the Superior Energy Performance Program. Paper presented at the

American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE) 2013 Summer Study

on Energy Efficiency in Industry, Niagara Falls, NY, U.S., July 23–26. http://www. v/pdfs/sep_costbenefits_paper13.pdf.