Perspectives on Carbon Capture and Geologic Storage in the Indian Power Sector

  • Udayan Singh National Institute of Technology Rourkela, Rourkela, INDIA
  • Garima Singh North Carolina State University, Raleigh, USA
Keywords: Carbon Capture, Geologic Storage, Power Sector

Abstract

India is a major developing country with ambitious developmental goals. Future development is expected to increase energy demands and subsequently greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is one of the GHG mitigation strategies that might be adopted in this context. This article summarizes the scope of deployment of CCS in India’s power sector. It also offers perspectives with regard to CO2 capture technologies vis-à-vis Indian power plants. The potential geologic CO2 storage sites and their resulting storage capabilities are discussed with references to the Indian research work being performed.

This article reviews the scope of CO2 capture and storage in India’s power sector which is largely dominated by coal. It considers how coal-based power generation is expected to rise in the near future, the potential role of CCS, and various perspectives of capture and storage strategies. This is followed by a discussion of the economic and regulatory aspects of the CCS technology, the two largest non-technical deterrents to implementing CCS. Finally, recommendations are offered regarding improving CCS technologies and policies in India. The major theme of this paper is CO2 capture from the power sector. Applications in other sectors, such as the fertilizer industry are similar. The Jagdishpur fertilizer plant, as one example, has been performing CO2 capture for a considerable time.

This article considers the Indian perspective, summarizes and reviews past CCS work in India and provides suggestions for the future.

Suggestions include progressive ideas on the technologies and policies that can advance CCS in India. We conclude that CCS is an important transition technology to minimize GHG emissions while technologies develop that will enable future deployment of renewable energy sources.

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Author Biographies

Udayan Singh, National Institute of Technology Rourkela, Rourkela, INDIA

Udayan Singh is at the Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Rourkela. He has published six papers in peer-reviewed journals and conference proceedings. His areas of interest include implementation of clean coal technologies for thermal power plants. He has served as research intern at IIT Bombay and IIM Ahmedabad, in projects related to CO2 Capture and Storage. Previously, he was also a project trainee at CSIR-CIMFR, studying the environmental impacts of rock blasting. Email: udayansingh.1112@gmail.com.

Garima Singh, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, USA

Garima Singh is a Graduate Student at the Department of Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, NC State University. She completed her Bachelors degree in Electrical Engineering from Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal. She has had short-term research positions at Indian Space Research Organization and Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur and has been an intern at Duke Energy. She has authored two conference papers. Email: gsingh8@ncstate.edu.

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