Current Barriers to Renewable Energy Development In Trinidad and Tobago

  • Zaffar Khan
  • Atiyyah A.Khan
Keywords: Renewable Energy, Energy Development


The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago is a two island country located in the southernmost part of the Caribbean, just 11 km off the coast of Venezuela. The economy is essentially hydrocarbon based with the energy industry contributing approximately 45% of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP). However, this tropical country faces a number of challenges. These include suppressed oil and natural gas prices, falling hydrocarbon production, and gas curtailment in its petrochemical sector. The latest Ryder Scott hydrocarbon audit indicated that the country has proven natural gas reserves to last to only 2019. It is imperative that the country diversifies its economy including its power sector. This article discusses the primary barriers to renewable energy (RE) development and implementation in Trinidad and Tobago. It also identifies the hurdles the country must overcome in order to formulate a sustainable strategy to deal with these problems in the context of renewable energy, energy efficiency and greenhouse gas emissions reductions.


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Author Biographies

Zaffar Khan

Zaffar Khan is the director for the MBA program in sustainable energy management at the Arthur Lok Jack Graduate School of Business, University of the West Indies. He completed the executive education program in competition and strategy at Harvard Business School. He has won several international awards including The Individual Achievement Award 2014 from the Energy Institute of the UK and the Energy Professional Development Award for Latin America from the AEE in 2015. He also won the award for Academic and Applied Research from the Accreditation Council of Trinidad and Tobago in 2014 and 2015. He is a senior member of the Association of Energy Engineers (AEE), vice president of the Trinidad and Tobago Chapter of the AEE as well as the vice president of the Energy Institute, Caribbean. Professor Khan can be contacted at:

Atiyyah A.Khan

Atiyyah Khan is currently a consultant with Econsultants Trinidad Limited. She holds a B. of Science degree in mechanical engineering from the University of the West Indies and a Masters in industrial innovation entrepreneurship and management from the University of Trinidad and Tobago. She is also an AEE Certified Energy Manager. For the past seven years she has been a lecturer with the Ministry of Education in Trinidad, teaching physics and mathematics. She can be contacted at:


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