Sustainability and Environmental Management: Emissions Accounting for Ports

  • Atulya Misra Chennai, India
  • Karthik Panchabikesan Chennai, India
  • Ayyasamy Elayaperuma Chennai, India
  • Ramalingam Velraj Chennai, India
Keywords: Sustainability Management, Environmental Management, Emissions Accounting


Seaports are global hubs for the transportation of goods. They play an important role in today’s global societies and are critical nodes in transportation networks. Sustainable energy use impacts people, the world’s environment, and is relevant to the operation and maintenance of ports.

In this article, an inventory of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the port of Chennai is made by accounting for the various port facilities, the housing areas, and the fishing harbour, all managed by the port of Chennai. GHG emissions are quantified by following the guidelines of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the World Port Climate Initiative (WPCI). Our estimate of GHG emissions for the financial year 2014-15 indicates that 280,558 tonnes of CO2e/year were generated by the port and port related activities. The detailed estimation of energy consumption and emissions generated by the individual systems are useful for energy engineers when implementing energy conservation measures and renewable energy technologies. Implementation of GHG mitigation strategies for all port-related activities will help achieve significant GHG reductions, reducing the adverse impacts of global climate change.


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Author Biographies

Atulya Misra, Chennai, India

Atulya Misra is the principal secretary and commissioner of revenue administration, for the government of Tamil Nadu, India. He recently completed his five years of services as the chairman, Port of Chennai, India. He holds a Master’s degree in Science, certificates in (i) public private partnership from Institute of Development Studies, Sussex, UK, (ii) Marijuana policy project from Texas, USA & TERI University, New Delhi and (iii) ‘Ship for World Youth’ from United Nations University, Tokyo. His email address is:

Karthik Panchabikesan, Chennai, India

Karthik Panchabikesan received his Master of Technology in energy conservation & management with university first rank in 2012 from Anna University. He is pursuing a Ph.D. at the Institute for Energy Studies, Anna University, Chennai under DST—INSPIRE fellowship. His email address is:

Ayyasamy Elayaperuma, Chennai, India

Dr. Ayyasamy Elayaperumal is a professor in mechanical engineering, Anna University Chennai. He is a subject expert in the field of composite materials, nano science and engineering, surface engineering and design of machine elements. He received “Giri Metrology Endowment Appreciation” award for the year 2007-08 for guiding the best project in mechanical engineering at Anna University Chennai. He has several publications in reputed international journals. His email address is:

Ramalingam Velraj, Chennai, India

Dr. Ramalingam Velraj is the director for the Institute for Energy Studies, Anna University, Chennai with specialization in energy engineering, energy storage, heat transfer, renewable energy and energy efficient buildings. He has more than 125 publications in reputed international journals. He received “Active Consultant Award” in the year 2014 and “Best Innovation Award” in the year 2013 by Anna University. He is also involved in the consultancy works in energy applications and performance evaluation of thermal systems. He is the corresponding author of this article. His email address is:


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