Renewable Energy Based Smart Microgrids—A Pathway To Green Port Development

  • Elayaperumal Ayyasam Chennai, India
  • Senthilkumar Gowrishankar Chennai, India
  • Atulya Misra Chennai, India
  • Dr. Ramalingam Velraj Chennai, India
  • Gayathri Venkataramani Chennai, India
Keywords: Renewable Energy, Smart Microgrids, Green Port Development


Ports as an industry account for 3% of global greenhouse gas emissions. Sustainable initiatives and zero net energy goals are driving the use of renewable energy sources, such as solar photovoltaic, wind, and other systems. The main objective of this article is to discuss ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions inside the port by integrating renewable energy technologies in an efficient manner using micro grids. Clean energy-based, direct current (DC) microgrids are considered as a revolutionary power solution. In several development sectors, they are becoming increasingly attractive to researchers since they generate less greenhouse gases (GHGs), lower operating costs, and offer flexibility. This article highlights and details the benefits of implementing renewable- based DC microgrids with suitable energy storage technologies to achieve sustainable port energy management.


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Author Biographies

Elayaperumal Ayyasam, Chennai, India

Dr. Ayyasamy Elayaperumal is a professor in mechanical engineering, Anna University Chennai. He is a subject expert in the field of composite materials, nano science and engineering, surface engineering and design of machine elements. He received the “Giri Metrology Endowment Appreciation” award for the year 2007-08 for guiding the best project in mechanical engineering at Anna University Chennai. He has several publications in reputed international journals. Email: elayaperumal@

Senthilkumar Gowrishankar, Chennai, India

Senthilkumar Gowrishankar is from the Institute for Energy Studies, Anna University, Chennai, India.

Atulya Misra, Chennai, India

Atulya Misra is the principal secretary and commissioner of revenue administration for the government of Tamil Nadu, India. He recently completed five years of service as the chairman, Port of Chennai, India. He holds a master’s degree in science, certificates in (i) public private partnership from Institute of Development Studies, Sussex, UK; (ii) Marijuana policy project from Texas, USA & TERI University, New Delhi; and (iii) ‘Ship for World Youth’ from United Nations University, Tokyo. Email:

Dr. Ramalingam Velraj, Chennai, India

Dr. Ramalingam Velraj is the director for the Institute for Energy Studies, Anna University, Chennai with specialization in energy engineering, energy storage, heat transfer, renewable energy and energy efficient buildings. He has more than 125 publications in reputed international journals. He received “Active Consultant Award” in the year 2014 and “Best Innovation Award” in the year 2013 by Anna University. He is also is a consultant in the areas of energy applications and performance evaluation of thermal systems. He is the article’s corresponding author. Email:

Gayathri Venkataramani, Chennai, India

Gayathri Venkataramani is from the Institute for Energy Studies, Anna University, Chennai, India.


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