Renewable Energy Based Smart Microgrids—A Pathway To Green Port Development
Ports as an industry account for 3% of global greenhouse gas emissions. Sustainable initiatives and zero net energy goals are driving the use of renewable energy sources, such as solar photovoltaic, wind, and other systems. The main objective of this article is to discuss ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions inside the port by integrating renewable energy technologies in an efficient manner using micro grids. Clean energy-based, direct current (DC) microgrids are considered as a revolutionary power solution. In several development sectors, they are becoming increasingly attractive to researchers since they generate less greenhouse gases (GHGs), lower operating costs, and offer flexibility. This article highlights and details the benefits of implementing renewable- based DC microgrids with suitable energy storage technologies to achieve sustainable port energy management.
Corredor L., Baracaldo L., Jaramillo J., Gutiérrez D. and Jiménez (2012, March). A
comprehensive energy analysis of a hybrid motorization for small/medium boats.
International conference on renewable energies and power quality (ICREPQ’12),
Santiago de Compostela, Spain.
Strunz, K., Abbasi, E. and Huu, D. (2014). DC microgrid for wind and solar power
integration. IEEE Journal of Power Electronics, 2: 115-126.
Jayant, K. and Alstom (2015, July). Microgrid system for Philadelphia Navy Yard,
NREL—Advanced grid technology workshop series. http://www.nrel.gov/esi/
Krkoleva, A., Taseska, V., Markovska, N., Taleski, R. and Borozan, V. (2010). Microgrids:
The agria test location. Thermal Science, 14: 747-75.
Cherry, C., Rios, M., Mc Cord, A., Sarah, S. and Venkatramanan, G. (2016). Portable
electrification using biogas systems. Procedia Engineering, 78: 317-326. doi:
Hebner, R., Uriarte, F., Kwasinski, A., Gattozzi, A., Estes, H., Anwar, A., Cairoli,
P., Dougal, R., Feng, X., Chou, H., Thomas, L., Pipattanasomporn, M., Rahman,
S., Katiraei, F., Steurer, M., Aruque, M., Rios, M., Ramos, G., Mousavi, M. and Mccoy,
T. (2016). Technical cross-fertilization between terrestrial microgrids and ship
power systems. Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy, 4: 161-179. doi:
Gerry and Sonia (2013). Optimal rural microgrid energy management using HOMER.
International Journal of Innovations in Engineering and Technology, 2:113-118.
Mariam, L., Basu, M. and Conlon, M. (2013). Community microgrid based on micro-
wind generation system. IEE Conference on Power and Engineering (UPEC).