lndugtrial and Environmental Governance Efficiency in China'g Urban Areag
Industrial efficiency is important for the development of regional economic policies. Based on a network data envelopment analysis (DEA) methodology which considered undesirable outputs and links between sub-processes, we studied the overall industrial efficiency, pollution governance efficiency and industrial production efficiency of China's largest five urban agglomerations (Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, Yangtze River Delta, Middle Reaches of Yangtze River, Pearl River Delta, and Chengdu-Chongqing) during 2000-2014. Our results show that:
1) The overall industrial efficiency grows in a wave form. Yangtze River Delta and Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei occupy the highest two positions in overall industrial efficiency. Environmental governance in Pearl River Delta is the most effective. Both overall industrial efficiency and environmental governance efficiency in ChengduChongqing are at the lowest position.
2) The poor efficiency of environmental pollution governance is the key factor that limits the industrial efficiency of the five urban agglomerations. The sources of the inefficiencies of the pollution governance sub-process are the inefficiencies of desirable outputs. Increasing the efficiency and technical levels of industrial pollution treatment is an important measure to improve the ecological environment of urban areas and the overall industry efficiency, which will ultimately promote more sustainable urban economic and environmental development.
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