Networking through International Energy Organizations: Comparison by Trade Type

  • Sang Yoon Shin
  • Jae-Kung Kim
Keywords: Networking, Networking through International Energy Organizations


This study investigates differences regarding international energy cooperation among countries by energy trade type. In particular, it classifies 49 major oil and natural gas trading countries into exporting, importing, and balanced countries (i.e., remarkable countries in both export and import), and compares two network characteristics of each group within a network formed through participation in 28 international energy organizations. The analysis results confirm that both the importing and balanced groups have higher values for both degree and power centrality indices compared to the exporting group. However, there is no statistically significant difference between the importing group and the balanced one.


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Author Biographies

Sang Yoon Shin

Dr. Sang Yoon Shin is an associate research fellow of Korea Energy Economics Institute, which is the main government-affiliated research institute of Korea focusing on energy policy. His research interests are the energy industry in the Middle East and inter-organizational networks of international energy organizations and energy companies. He received his Ph.D. from the Katz Graduate School of Business, University of Pittsburgh. E-mail:

Jae-Kung Kim

Dr. Jae-Kung Kim is a research fellow specializing in oil market and policy in Korea Energy Economics Institute. He holds a Ph.D. in the field of agricultural and resource economics from the Seoul National University. His research interests are fuels for internal combustion engines and transportation electrification. E-mail:


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