Networking through International Energy Organizations: Comparison by Trade Type
This study investigates differences regarding international energy cooperation among countries by energy trade type. In particular, it classifies 49 major oil and natural gas trading countries into exporting, importing, and balanced countries (i.e., remarkable countries in both export and import), and compares two network characteristics of each group within a network formed through participation in 28 international energy organizations. The analysis results confirm that both the importing and balanced groups have higher values for both degree and power centrality indices compared to the exporting group. However, there is no statistically significant difference between the importing group and the balanced one.
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