PROBABILISTIC DROUGHT ANALYSIS OF WEEKLY RAINFALL DATA USING MARKOV CHAIN MODEL

  • N.M. Alam Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Dehradun, India
  • G.C. Sharma Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Dehradun, India
  • C. Jana Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Dehradun, India
  • N.K. Sharma Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Dehradun, India
  • P.K. Mishra Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Dehradun, India
  • ParthaPratim Adhikary Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Research Center, Koraput, India
  • A. Raizada Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Research Center, Bellary, India
Keywords: Drought Proneness Index, Dry Spell, Markov Chain Probability Model, Stationary Distribution, Steady State Probability

Abstract

This paper makes an attempt to investigate the pattern of occurrence of wet and dry weeks in three different locations of drought prone areas of India, i.e. Datia in Madhya Pradesh, Bellary in Karnataka and Solapur in Maharashtra. An index of drought proneness to evaluate its extent of degree has been worked out. Besides the probability of getting wet weeks consecutively for more than six, eight and ten weeks have been worked out. Also, the probability of sequence of more than three dry weeks is computed. The results of application of the Markov models are presented and discussed, exhibiting in particular the usefulness of transition probability matrix to agricultural planners and policy makers to understand the climatology of drought in rain fed areas so as to plan long term drought mitigation strategy.

 

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Published
2015-05-30
Section
Articles