An Analytical Investigation to Select a Suitable Site for Reservoir to Meet the Challenges of Water Scarcity in Rural Areas of Tripura
Keywords:Water Scarcity, Reservoir Site, ANN, Fuzzy Logic, AHP.
The provision of safe drinking water supply and sanitation facilities is a basic necessity of life and a crucial
input in achieving the goal of health for all. Tripura is rich in natural resources but due to lack of storage of
runoff and also due to the increasing level of urbanization, the retention capacity of the watersheds in these areas
is receding day by day. As the pattern of climate is also changing, a drought like situation seems to be most
probable in such areas. In this regard, the technological advancements of Artificial Neural Network (ANN) were
implemented to achieve selected objectives of reservoir site identification. This study is focused to store rural
water in a reservoir like structure at a suitable site to facilitate supply to rural and urban area during dry season.
The rank of each parameter was also obtained using fuzzy logic decision making and Analytical Hierarchy
Process. Using these weights reservoir site Identification was developed by AHP and Fuzzy logic and predicted
for Gomati River. At the end, a reservoir was designed at the suitable location having pre defined storage
capacity to cater the needs of the local population
Anderson, T., Doig, A., Rees, D., & Khennas, S. (1999). Rural energy services: a handbook for sustainable
energy development. Intermediate Technology Publications Ltd (ITP).
Anderson, D. (2000). Energy and economic prosperity. UNDP, World Energy Assessment. Energy and the
Challenge of Sustainability. New York: UNDP/UNDESA/WEC, 394-413.
Biswas, W. K., Bryce, P., & Diesendorf, M. (2001). Model for empowering rural poor through renewable
energy technologies in Bangladesh. Environmental Science and Policy, 4(6), 333-344.
Biswas, W. K. (2011). Application of renewable energy to provide safe water from deep tubewells in rural
Bangladesh. Energy for Sustainable Development, 15(1), 55-60.
Journal of Graphic Era University
Vol. 6, Issue 1, 71-79, 2018
ISSN: 0975-1416 (Print), 2456-4281 (Online)
Byrne, J., Shen, B., & Wallace, W. (1998). The economics of sustainable energy for rural development: a study
of renewable energy in rural China. Energy Policy, 26(1), 45-54.
Chen, S., & Ravallion, M. (2008). The developing world is poorer than we thought, but no less successful in the
fight against poverty. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper Series.
Deunert, F., Lennartz, B., & Tiemeyer, B. (2007). Legislative effects on the development of surface water
quality in rural areas in Northern Germany. Journal of Cleaner Production, 15(16), 1507-1513.
Ellis, F. (2002). Rural livelihoods and diversity in developing countries. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Ghosh, N. (2002). Infrastructure, cost and labour income in agriculture. Indian Journal of Agricultural
Economics, 57(2), 153.
Harries, M. (2002). Disseminating wind pumps in rural Kenya-meeting rural water needs using locally
manufactured wind pumps. Energy Policy, 30(11-12), 1087-1094.
Howells, M. I., Alfstad, T., Victor, D. G., Goldstein, G., & Remme, U. (2005). A model of household energy
services in a low-income rural African village. Energy Policy, 33(14), 1833-1851.
Johnson, D. M., Hokanson, D. R., Zhang, Q., Czupinski K. D., & Tang, J. (2008). Feasibility of water
purification technology in rural areas of developing countries. Journal of Environmental Management, 88(3),
Kevany, K., & Huisingh, D. (2013). A review of progress in empowerment of women in rural water
management decision-making processes. Journal of Cleaner Production, 60, 53-64.
Shonsey, C., & Gierke, J. (2013). Quantifying available water supply in rural Mali based on data collected by
and from women. Journal of Cleaner Production, 60, 43-52.
Wang, M., Webber, M., Finlayson, B., & Barnett, J. (2008). Rural industries and water pollution in China.
Journal of Environmental Management, 86(4), 648-659.
Zhang, X., Wu, Y., Skitmore, M., & Jiang, S. (2015). Sustainable infrastructure projects in balancing urban–
rural development: Towards the goal of efficiency and equity. Journal of Cleaner Production, 107, 445-454