Effect of Industrial Effluent on the Groundwater Quality in Haridwar

  • Shalini Department of Environmental Sciences, Graphic Era (Deemed to be University), Dehradun, India
  • Pradeep Kumar Sharma Department of Environmental Sciences, Graphic Era (Deemed to be University), Dehradun, India
  • Pratibha Naithani Department of Environmental Sciences, Graphic Era (Deemed to be University), Dehradun, India
Keywords: Industrial Effluents,, Ground Water,, Physicochemical Analysis,, Heavy Metal Analysis, Heavy Metals Toxicity


A study was conducted in Haridwar to evaluate the effect of industrial effluent on groundwater. A total number of seven water samples were considered, five samples were collected from State Industrial Development Corporation of Uttarakhand Limited (SIDCUL) and two ground water samples were collected from Salempur, a village situated nearby SIDCUL, Haridwar. Samples were analyzed for parameters such as pH, Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), Total Suspended Solids (TSS), Total Solids (TS), total hardness, electrical conductivity, salinity, Lead (Pb), Chromium (Cr), Arsenic (As), Iron (Fe), Aluminium (Al), Manganese (Mn) and Nickel (Ni). The results were compared with limits prescribed by Bureau of Indian Standards. It was observed that ground water near the industrial area has been polluted. It can be concluded from the study that waste water of industry is affecting the ground water quality and thus posing a major threat to health of the people living in Salempur.


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