Application and Properties of Chicken Feather Fiber (CFF) a Livestock Waste in Composite Material Development


  • Gagan Bansal Department of Mechanical Engineering Graphic Era University, Dehradun, India
  • Tushar Gupta Department of Mechanical Engineering Graphic Era University, Dehradun, India
  • V. K. Singh G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology Pantnagar, India
  • P. C. Gope G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology Pantnagar, India


Composites, Chicken Feather Fiber, Natural Fiber, Biodegradable, Properties.


Rapid advancement in the field of Natural and biomaterial composites have directed in the enlargement of
various innovative materials and products which are eco-friendly as well as biodegradable. Importance is being
given by many researchers to the natural plant fibers like bamboo, coir, jute, sisal, cotton, wheat straw and wood
etc. Here the review based information is pileup to get the wide-ranging information about the Mechanical
properties, Physical properties, Thermal properties etc. of Chicken Feather Fiber (CFF) based Composites. Also
the application and making of different CFF based composites for industrial application and the use of CFF as a
matrix, as a reinforced material and as a particulate. The efforts are made to focus on advanced technology and
uplift the use of CFF as a Natural Biomaterial which is at present serve as a waste of poultry industry and to
enhance the use of livestock waste in a sustainable growth of the earth and healthy environment.


Download data is not yet available.


Acda, M. N. (2010). Waste chicken feather as reinforcement in cement-bonded composites. Philippine Journal

of Science, 139(2), 161-166.

Adetola, S. O., Yekini, A. A., & Olayiwola, B. S. (2014). Investigation into physical and mechanical properties

of few selected chicken feathers commonly found in Nigeria. IOSR- Journal of Mechanical and Civil

Engineering, 11(3), 45-50.

Amieva, E. J. C., Velasco-Santos, C., Martínez-Hernández, A. L., Rivera-Armenta, J. L., Mendoza-Martínez, A.

M., & Castaño, V. M. (2015). Composites from chicken feathers quill and recycled polypropylene. Journal of

Composite Materials, 49(3), 275-283.

Bansal, G., Singh, V. K., Patil, P., & Rastogi, S. (2016). Water absorption and thickness swelling

characterization of chicken feather fiber and extracted fish residue powder filled epoxy based hybrid

biocomposite. International Journal of Waste Resources, 6(3), 1-6, doi:10.4172/2252-5211.1000237.

Barone, J. R., & Schmidt, W. F. (2005). Polyethylene reinforced with keratin fibers obtained from chicken

feathers. Composites Science and Technology, 65(2), 173-181.

Bartels, T. (2003). Variations in the morphology, distribution, and arrangement of feathers in domesticated

birds. Journal of Experimental Zoology Part B: Molecular and Developmental Evolution, 298(1), 91-108.

Belarmino, D. D., Ladchumananandasivam, R., Belarmino, L. D., Pimentel, J. R. D. M., da Rocha, B. G., Galv,

A. O., & de Andrade, S. M. (2012). Physical and morphological structure of chicken feathers (keratin biofiber)

in natural, chemically and thermally modified forms. Material Sciences and Applications, 3, 887-893.

Bhattacharya, D., Subasinghe, D., & Kim, N. K. (2015). Natural fibers: Their composites and flammability

characterizations. Multifunctionality of Polymer Composites, 1 (1), 102-143.

Bonser, R., & Purslow, P. (1995). The Young's modulus of feather keratin. Journal of Experimental Biology,

(4), 1029-1033.

Brostow, W., Datashvili, T., & Miller, H. (2010). Wood and wood derived materials. Journal of Materials

Education, 32(3-4), 125-138.

Journal of Graphic Era University

Vol. 5, Issue 1, 16-24, 2017

ISSN: 0975-1416 (Print), 2456-4281 (Online)

Cheng, S., Lau, K. T., Liu, T., Zhao, Y., Lam, P. M., & Yin, Y. (2009). Mechanical and thermal properties of

chicken feather fiber/PLA green composites. Composites Part B: Engineering, 40(7), 650-654.

Chinta, S. K., Landage, S. M., & Yadav, K. (2013). Application of chicken feathers in technical textiles.

International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, 2(4), 1158-1165.

Fraser, R. D. B., & Parry, D. A. D. (1996). The molecular structure of reptilian keratin. International Journal of

Biological Macromolecules, 19(3), 207-211.

Gassner III, G., Schmidt, W., Line, M. J., Thomas, C., & Waters, R. M. (1998). U.S. Patent No. 5,705,030.

Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

Giraldo, L., & Moreno-Piraján, J. C. (2013). Exploring the use of rachis of chicken feathers for hydrogen

storage. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 104, 243-248.

Griffith, B. (2001). U.S. Patent Application No. 10/008,543.

Gupta, K. M., (2006). Material science, Second Edition, Umesh Publications, Ch-17. Other Material (wood,

concrete, glass elastomer, composites etc.), 1, 428-431.

Gururaja, M. N., & Rao, A. N. H. (2012). A review on recent applications and future prospectus of hybrid

composites. International Journal of Soft Computing and Engineering, 1(6), 352-355.

Jagadeeshgouda, K. B., Reddy, P. R., & Ishwaraprasad, K. (2014). Experimental study of behaviour of poultry

feather fiber: a reinforcing material for composites. International Journal of Research in Engineering and

Technology, 3(2), 362-366.

Jang, B. Z., & Lin, T. L. (1989). Annual Techinal Conference. (ANTEC) New York.

Meyers, M. A., Chen, P. Y., Lin, A. Y. M., & Seki, Y. (2008). Biological materials: structure and mechanical

properties. Progress in Materials Science, 53(1), 1-206.

Reddy, N., Jiang, J., & Yang, Y. (2014). Biodegradable composites containing chicken feathers as matrix and

jute fibers as reinforcement. Journal of Polymers and the Environment, 22(3), 310-317.

Sekhar, V. C., Pandurangadu, V., & Rao, T. S. (2015). Biodegradation of emu feather fiber reinforced epoxy

composites. International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology, 4(6), 609-613.

Shalwan, A., & Yousif, B. F. (2013). In state of art: mechanical and tribological behaviour of polymeric

composites based on natural fibres. Materials and Design, 48, 14-24.

Singh, V. K., Bansal, G., Agarwal, M., & Negi, P. (2016). Experimental determination of mechanical and

physical properties of almond shell particles filled biocomposite in modified epoxy resin. Journal of Material

Science and Engineering, 5(246), 2169-0022.

Singh, V. K., Bansal, G., Negi, P., & Bisht, A. (2016). Characterization of flexural and impact strength of

jute/almond hybrid biocomposite. Journal of Testing and Evaluation, DOI: 10.1520/JTE20150414. 45(3). 1-11.

Subramani, T., Krishnan, S., Ganesan, S. K., & Nagarajan, G. (2014). Investigation of mechanical properties in

polyester and phenylester composites reinforced with chicken feather fiber. International Journal of Engineering

Research and Applications, 1(4), 93-104.

Tang, X. Z., Kumar, P., Alavi, S., & Sandeep, K. P. (2012). Recent advances in biopolymers and biopolymer-

based nanocomposites for food packaging materials. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 52(5),


Tuna, A., Okumuş, Y., Çelebi, H., & Seyhan, A. T. (2015). Thermochemical conversion of poultry chicken

feather fibers of different colors into microporous fibers. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 115, 112-

Journal of Graphic Era University

Vol. 5, Issue 1, 16-24, 2017

ISSN: 0975-1416 (Print), 2456-4281 (Online)

Uzun, M., Sancak, E., Patel, I., Usta, I., Akalın, M., & Yuksek, M. (2011). Mechanical behaviour of chicken

quills and chicken feather fibres reinforced polymeric composites. Archives of Materials Science and

Engineering, 52(2), 82-86.

Wang, Q., Cao, Q., Wang, X., Jing, B., Kuang, H., & Zhou, L. (2013). A high-capacity carbon prepared from

renewable chicken feather biopolymer for supercapacitors. Journal of Power Sources, 225, 101-107




How to Cite

Bansal, G., Gupta, T., Singh, V. K., & Gope, P. C. (2023). Application and Properties of Chicken Feather Fiber (CFF) a Livestock Waste in Composite Material Development. Journal of Graphic Era University, 5(1), 16–24. Retrieved from