Analysis and Ranking of Barriers in Development of Solar Power Using Interpretive Structural Modeling Method: Ethiopian Outlook
Ethiopia is quick evolving economy in Sub-Saharan Africa, and its industrial sector is growing faster. However, as a country level there is a significant electricity shortage. The country needs gigantic increments in capacity to meet the request of its quickly developing economy and population. Indeed in the event that endeavors are underway for renewable energy expansion in Ethiopia but stills solar oriented energy source are not highly utilized due to different problems that ruin its dispersion. On this basis, barriers of solar energy implementation in Ethiopia were identified utilizing different literature overview and experts’ view in this investigation. Interpretive Structural Modeling (ISM) technique is adopted to recognize the interrelationship between the distinguished barriers. Matrice d’Impacts Croises-Multipication Applique’ a Classment (MICMAC) method has too been utilized to sort the barriers based on dependence power and driving force. The results showed that four barriers related with economics, environmental and behavioral appear at the upper level in ISM configuration. A policy barrier shows up at the lowermost of model, and this is considered as the foremost powerful factor. Various solutions for relieving these distinguished barriers have moreover been recommended within the paper. Well understanding of these barriers can help the concerned stakeholders and policy creators to create proactive plans and fortification policies to increase the solar powered advancement in Ethiopia.
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