Evaluation of Different Hybrid Distributed Generators in a Microgrid—A Metaheuristic Approach

  • T. Som Department of Power Engineering, Jadavpur University, Kolkata
  • N. Chakraborty Department of Power Engineering, and former Dean Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Jadavpur University, Kolkata
Keywords: DERs, SPS, BMGU, Microgrid, Modified Differential Evolution

Abstract

An economic estimation of an autonomous power delivery system constituting different types of non-conventional and renewable energy resources has been performed considering an Indian load demand scenario. The mathematical analysis was done by the application of a modified differential evolution (MDE). The MDE-evaluated total annual costs for the autonomous microgrid system utilizing three sets of distributed energy resources (DERs) have been compared. Solar module and fuel cells as DERs form the first set of DERs; solar module and bio-mass gasifier unit as DERs is considered as second set; and fuel cell along with Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) constitute the third set of DERs. Different types of consumers together form the microgrid with optimal supply of power from DERs. The optimal power generation conditions have been obtained pertaining to minimum cost of microgrid system. For the same load demand in microgrid operation, the results, using a hybrid solar-biomass system are found to be most cost effective. A reduction of 6.9 % in the annual cost is obtained using the combination of solar module and biomass gasifier unit from that obtained using a solar module fuel cell combination. The corresponding reduction is 10% from that utilizing only fuel cell.

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Author Biographies

T. Som, Department of Power Engineering, Jadavpur University, Kolkata

T. Som was born in Karagpur, India, on 8th October 1982. She received her Bachelor of Electrical Engineering in 2005 from Institute of Technical Education and Research, Utkal University, Bhubaneswar. She did her Master on Power Engineering in 2008 from Jadavpur University, Kolkata. At present she is working as a senior research fellow in Department of Power Engineering, Jadavpur University, Kolkata. The contact email-id is trinasom@gmail.com.

N. Chakraborty, Department of Power Engineering, and former Dean Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Jadavpur University, Kolkata

N. Chakraborty was born in Kolkata, India on 27th August 1964. He received his Bachelor of Electrical Engineering in 1986 and Master of Electrical Engineering in 1989 from Jadavpur University, Kolkata. He was awarded with the Diploma of Imperial College (DIC), London, UK, and PhD degree from University of London in 1999. At present he is a Professor in the Department of Power Engineering, and former Dean Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Jadavpur University, Kolkata. His fields of research interest include power economics and deregulation, non-conventional generation and environment, novel materials and applied superconductivity. The contact email-id is chakraboty_niladri2004@yahoo.com.

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