The Potential of Wind for Energy Production and Water Pumping in Iran, Saravan County

  • Mojtaba Nedaei Department of Energy Engineering, Graduate School of the Environment and Energy, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
  • Abtin Ataei Department of Renewable Energy in the Graduate School of the Environment and Energy, Science and Research Branch of I. Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
  • Changkyoo Yoo Department of Renewable Energy in the Graduate School of the Environment and Energy, Science and Research Branch of I. Azad University, Tehran, Iran
  • Jun-Ki Choi Dept. of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering/Renewable and Clean Energy in the University of Dayton, Ohio, USA.
  • Ehsanolah Assareh Department of Mechanical Engineering, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran
Keywords: Iran, residential wind turbine, Saravan county, water pumping, wind energy, Weibull distribution

Abstract

Sustainable sources of energy are vital for energy production in remote areas which have difficult access to electricity and grid. Thus, in this paper an initial evaluation of wind resource for over 18 months was done to evaluate the potential of wind energy as a power generation source in a remote village in Saravan county, southeastern Iran. The Weibull distribution is employed to model the wind data at three heights: 10, 30 and 40 meters. The Weibull distribution presented in this study indicates a good compatibility with the measured wind data. Different wind speed parameters such as monthly and diurnal wind speed profiles at different heights, wind direction, turbulence intensity, and etc. have been estimated and analyzed. The results showed the studied site has not the sufficient wind speed and power for development of commercial wind power plants. But the studied site may be suitable for development of small and residential wind turbines. Therefore in the next part of study, energy production of different small wind turbines has been estimated. It was concluded that one of the small wind turbines which has the highest net energy production of 33,685 kWh/ yr and highest capacity factor of 25.6% can be suitable for non-grid connected electrical and mechanical applications, such as local consumption, battery charging, and water pumping. In the last phase of study, the water pumping potential of the studied area has been investigated.

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Author Biographies

Mojtaba Nedaei, Department of Energy Engineering, Graduate School of the Environment and Energy, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

Mojtaba Nedaei, corresponding author, is with the Department of Energy Engineering, Graduate School of the Environment and Energy, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. He was born in 1991 in Dezful, Iran. In a competition in Dec. 2012, he received the award of best and active researcher of the Dezful University. After graduation with the BSc degree in mechanical engineering, he continued his education in Tehran Science and Research Branch, I. Azad University where he earned an MSc degree in renewable energy engineering. For more information about Mojtaba Nedaei, see: www.nedaei.yolasite.com and www.nedaei.hpage.com. Contact: mojtaba.nedaei@yahoo.com.

Abtin Ataei, Department of Renewable Energy in the Graduate School of the Environment and Energy, Science and Research Branch of I. Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

Dr. Abtin Ataei is an assistant professor and head of the Department of Renewable Energy in the Graduate School of the Environment and Energy, Science and Research Branch of I. Azad University, Tehran, Iran. He holds M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees in energy engineering from the Science and Research Branch of I.A.U. He joined the Kyung Hee University in South Korea and University of Dayton in the United States as a lecturer and researcher. He has published more than 120 research papers in international scientific journals and congresses.

Changkyoo Yoo, Department of Renewable Energy in the Graduate School of the Environment and Energy, Science and Research Branch of I. Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Dr. Changkyoo Yoo is currently the assistance professor of Department of Environmental Science & Engineering, Green Energy Center/ Center for Environmental Studies in Kyung Hee University Yongin, South Korea. He earned his Ph.D. from Pohang University of Science and Technology in 2002. His main research interests are environmental modeling, management and informatics, process understanding and data mining.

Jun-Ki Choi, Dept. of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering/Renewable and Clean Energy in the University of Dayton, Ohio, USA.

Dr. Jun-Ki Choi earned his Ph.D. from Purdue University in 2006. He is currently the assistant professor of Dept. of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering/Renewable and Clean Energy in the University of Dayton, Ohio, USA.

Ehsanolah Assareh, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran

Ehsanolah Assareh is with Department of Mechanical Engineering, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran. He has published considerable research articles in the filed of optimization techniques.

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Published
2016-01-01
Section
Articles