Feasibility Analysis Model for Mini Hydropower Plant in Tioman Island, Malaysia

  • Pratap Nair Marimuthu Faculty of Engineering and Computer Technology, AIMST University, Bedong, Kedah, India.
  • K. Nithiyananthan Faculty of Engineering and Computer Technology, AIMST University, Bedong, Kedah, India.
Keywords: Mini hydropower plant, Net present value (NPV), Payback period, Retscreen Analysis software, Renewable Energy, Turbine

Abstract

This study focuses on the technical, theoretical and financial analysis of a hydro power plant, which is considered as dependable and sustainable among all other forms of renewable energy. Hydropower energy is broadly used all over the world, whether in the form of minihydro for a single village or a massive dam to serve the entire country. Industrialized countries have utilized their hydro potential extensively. However, in the developing world, particularly in the equatorial zone, hydropower remains an option with considerable potential for satisfying energy needs. The study was conducted using the RETScreen Clean Energy Project Analysis software. Based on hydrology analysis, the design of mini hydro is optimized by considering costing, efficiency, expected operating and capacity factor. In addition, plant design and size are evaluated by using capacity factor, NPV and payback period. From the financial analysis, a NPV value of RM3.5 million and payback period of 10.8 years is obtained for the underlying project.

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Author Biographies

Pratap Nair Marimuthu, Faculty of Engineering and Computer Technology, AIMST University, Bedong, Kedah, India.

Pratap Nair Marimuthu (2012) received his Masters degree from University Tenaga Nasional, Kualalumpur, Malaysia. He has published many papers in international journals and conferences. Presently he is working as Lecturer in the Faculty of Engineering and Computer Technology, of the University of AIMST, Malaysia. He was awarded the prestigious Numerical Method Best Project Award, by University Tenaga National, in 2009. His core research interests include renewable energy, engineering management, and power system analysis. Email: pratapsamrat@gmail.com.

K. Nithiyananthan, Faculty of Engineering and Computer Technology, AIMST University, Bedong, Kedah, India.

K. Nithiyananthan (2004), corresponding author, received his Ph.D. degree from Anna University, Chennai, India. He has published many papers in international journals and conferences. Presently he is working as Senior Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering, Karpagam College of Engineering, Coimbatore, INDIA. His research areas of interest are computer Applications to Power systems Engineering, Renewable Energy, Embedded system Applications. E-mail: nithiieee@yahoo.co.in.

References

Overview of Policy Instruments for the Promotion of Renewable Energy and Energy

Efficiency in Malaysia (Background report)

Micro Hydro Potential in Malaysia, Proceedings of ICEE 2009 3rd International

Conference on Energy and Environment, 7-8 December 2009, Malacca, by Nathan

Raman, Ibrahim Hussein, and Kumaran Palanisamy Universiti Tenaga Nasional

(UNITEN).

Bilal Abdullah Nasir International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology

(IJEAT), Design of Micro-Hydro-Electric Power Station Volume-2, Issue-5, June

Pusat Tenaga Negara (PTM), ‘National Energy Balance Report’, Malaysia, 2001.

Tenaga Nasional Berhad (TNB), ‘TNB Annual Report 2008’, 2008

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Articles