A Feasibility Study of Carbon-dioxide Based Rankine Cycle Powered by the Linear Fresnel Reflector Solar Concentrator System
Theoretical analysis of a linear Fresnel reflector solar concentrator powered Rankine thermodynamic cycle utilizing supercritical C02 as a working fluid is presented. The system model consists of a linear Fresnel reflector solar concentrator with trapezoidal cavity absorber, a power generating turbine, a heat recovery system and a feed pump. The effects of the principal parameters of the supercritical C02 on the performance of the system are investigated numerically by means of MATLAB simulation program under the assumed design conditions. It is shown that the key performance parameters, such as concentrator area, concentrated power reached to the absorber, C02 flow rate have significant effects on the thermal performance of the supercritical C02 in the trapezoidal cavity absorber. Analytical simulations show that the proposed system may have 0.3-0.38 kW power generation and 2.0-2.14 kW heat output for the various mass flow rates of the C02. The results recommend the potential of this new system for applications to electricity power and heat power generation.
[I] Giampaolo M, Shukuru M. Energy control for a flat plate collector I Rankine cycle
solar power system, J Solar Energy Engg. 1991, 113(2), pp. 89-97.
Chen Y, Lundqvist P, Johansson A, Platell P, A comparative study of the carbon
dioxide transcritical power cycle compared with an organic Rankine cycle with
R123 as working fluid in waste heat recovery, Applied Thermal Engineering, 2006,
, pp. 2142-7.
Zhang XR, Yamaguchi H, Uneno D, Fujima K, Enomoto M, Sawada N, Analysis of
a novel solar energy-powered Rankine cycle for combined power and heat generation
using supercritical carbon dioxide, Renewable Energy 2006, 31, pp. 1839-54.
Zhang XR, Yamaguchi H, Fujima K, Enomoto M, Sawada N, Theoretical analysis
of a thermodynamic cycle for power and heat production using supercritical carbon
dioxide, Energy, 2007,32, pp. 591-9.
Zhang XR, Yamaguchi H, Uneno D, Thermodynamic analysis of the C02-based
Rankine cycle powered by solar energy, Int. J Energy Resources, 2007, 31, pp.
Zhang XR, Yamaguchi H, Fujima K, Enomoto M, Sawada N, A feasibility study
of COTbased Rankine cycle powered by solar energy, JSME Int J B 2005, 48, pp.
Yamaguchi H, Zhang XR, Fujima K, Enomoto M, Sawada N, Solar energy powered
Rankine cycle using supercritical C02, Applied Thermal Engineering, 2006, 26, pp.
Zhang XR, Yamaguchi H, Fujima K, Enomoto M, Sawada N, Study of solar energy
powered transcritical cycle using supercritical carbon dioxide, Int. J Energy Resources
, 30, pp. 1117-29.
Cayer E, Galanis N, Desilets M, Nesreddine H, Roy P, Analysis of a carbon dioxide
transcritical power cycle using a low temperature source, Applied Energy, 2009,
, pp. 1055-63.
Francia G, Pilot plants of solar steam generating stations, Solar Energy, 1968, 12,
Mills DR, Morrison GL, Compact linear Fresnel solar thermal power plants, Solar
Energy, 2000, 68(3), pp. 263-83.
Haberle A, Zahler C, de Lalaing L Ven L Sureda M, Graf W, et al, The Solarmundo
project: advanced technology for solar thermal power generation. Adelaide, Australia.
In: Proceedings of the ISES 2001 Solar World Congress; 2001. 25-30 November.
Shuai Yong, Xia Xin-Lin, Tan He-Ping, Radiation performance of dish solar concentrator
I cavity receiver systems, Solar Energy, 2008,82, pp. 13-21.
Manikumar, R., Valan Arasu, A., Design and theoretical performance analysis of
linear Fresnel reflector solar concentrator with a tubular absorber, International
journal of renewable energy and technology, 2012, 3(3), pp. 221-236.
Singh, P.L., Sarviya, R.M., Bhagoria, J.L., Thermal performance of linear Fresnel
reflecting solar concentrator with trapezoidal cavity absorbers. Applied Energy,
, 87, pp. 541-550.
Jorge Facao, Armando, C. Oliverira, Numerical Simulation of a trapezoidal cavity
receiver for a linear Fresnel solar collector concentrator, Renewable Energy,
,36, pp. 90-96.
Sukhatrne, S.P. and Nayak, J.K., Solar energy Principles of thermal collection and
storage, Tata McGraw-Hill Publication, Third edition, 2009.
Kothandaraman, C.P. and Subramanyan, S., Heat and Mass Transfer Data Book,New Age International Publishers, 2008.
Takahisa Yamamoto, Tomohiko Furuhata, Norio Arai, Koichi Mori, Design and
Testing of the Organic Rankine Cycle, Energy, 2001,26, 239- 251.